Milwall Kindergarten School

Milwall Kindergarten School

Milwall Kindergarten School

Nursery school focus group

The aim of a focus group is to collect some important information about a people’s beliefs. They help to understand the reasons behind a people belief. Therefore, in our case, the aim of this focus group is to create an understanding why parent’s belief pre-primary school education is beneficial. Therefore, the school convenes a group of parents who gives their viewpoints which in turn helps the administration in setting up priorities that conforms with the desires of the parents.

Pre-testing and post-testing

Basically, I don’t think pre-testing is necessary because the school has been running and the administrators only wasn’t to get more information from the parents in order to help enhance their operations. Post-testing, on the other hand is crucial as it helps to measure the performance of the entire school. Therefore, the following methods are critical in evaluating the effectiveness of the nursery.

Interviews

With the help of a moderator, the parents are engaged where different viewpoints are encouraged. The platform enables parents to air their experiences with the school overtime. Challenges are discussed along with the advantages, benefits and so on. The kids are normally admitted at the age of just 2 months and complete the course at the age of 5 years. The service at the school involves the use of doctors, and psychologists. Therefore, parents are allowed to narrate their views on the growth and development of their kids.

The development of the health of the kids as well as concerns is discussed. This involves the response of the doctors during the periods of the illnesses. Their handling of emergency cases, adherence of the drug taking and administration of the same is discussed. Parents are allowed to talk about the failures of the doctors. This happens especially when some of the kids are treated for unnecessarily long periods without recovering. In such situations, it becomes clear that either the doctors are unable to diagnose their illnesses effectively, or there are challenges with the administration and taking of the prescribed dosage. Essentially, a word of mouth is applicable in such conversations in order to enhance clarity and effectiveness of the entire focus group together with the school as a whole.

The teaching practice is equally analyzed, this time with the help of the kids themselves. The gradual improvement with the knowledge of reading, writing is evaluated. Parents are allowed to air their concerns about the overall performance of their kids. While this includes their failures and successes, they are given a chance to talk about their feelings and reasons behind the same. While different kids have got differing abilities, each of them is expected to excel in at least one of the fields of study. Among the fields evaluated includes the social, language, physical and the emotional skills. Therefore, excelling in some of them is acceptable but failing in all of them is questionable.

A different session where the kids are responders is held. They are interviewed orally in order to allow for easier expression and clarity. This method helps to collect first-hand information regarding their overall progress at the school. They are allowed to talk about their teachers, doctors, and psychologists. They also comment about their experiences in the environment. The information helps the management to develop measures of correcting weaknesses and enhancing their strengths.

Obesity

The Health Disparity: Obesity due to Lack of Education (Information) for Teenagers

Background

Obesity and overweight among young people have become a critical and alarming public health issue across the globe. The total population of obese people was expected to be approximately 711.4 million in 2015. Among them, 107.7 million were estimated to be children. In 2015, there were 4 million BMI- related deaths globally which represents 7.1% of all causes of deaths. In China, the number of obese students increased from 1.1% to 9.6% between 1985 and 2010. A similar trend was experienced across in several other countries globally. The increasing prevalence of obesity can be as a result of changing lifestyles.

Other health issues related to obesity include type-2 diabetes, arterial stiffening, liver dysfunction, sub-fertility, skeletal disorders, renal failure among other conditions (Frisco et al., 2016). These conditions are contributing significantly to the decline in life expectancy and low quality of life among adolescents and children. Studies indicates that some of the factors that lead to obesity among teenagers are poor sleeping habits, poor eating habits, lack of exercise. It is unfortunate that most of the factors that influence the condition are avoidable if the youth are equipped with the right information. Considering the elements, it is evident that a lack of education (knowledge) contributes to increased rates of obesity among teenagers.

Exercise is an essential factor in the prevention of obesity among both young people and adults. Recent research has indicated that physical exercise impacted positively various health conditions including obesity, type-2 diabetes, weight gain, dementia to mention but a few. A survey on the relationship between physical fitness and overweight during childhood indicates that a quarter of the adolescent population of many countries is either obese or overweight (GLINKOWSKA et al,., 2018). The young generation needs to be informed of the importance of being active and the consequences of being inactive.

Cultural beliefs and religion also play an essential role in the issue of obesity. Research indicates that Muslims are at a lesser risk of being obese as compared to their Christian counterparts while hindus are at the highest risk, thanks to their different socioeconomic status and food habits (Dewan, 2017). The young people need to learn on the values that they may follow and food habits that may adopt to reduce their risks of being obese.

Sleeping habits also show a significant association with obesity. Even though there is still a debate on the relationship between the two, a study in some counties in Zheijang China, found a U-shaped relationship between sleep and obesity. According to the survey, young people who sleep for long hours are at high risk of becoming overweight and obese (Wang et al, 2018). The same applies to people who sleep for extremely short periods. On the contrary, people who sleep for an adequate period are less likely to become obese.

 Annotated Bibliography

Article 1: Dewan, M. (2017). Connection of Religion and Health: Relevance in the Study of Obesity Amongst Children and Adolescents. Bio Science Research Bulletin-Biological Sciences, 33(1), 11–17. https://doi.org/10.5958/2320-3161.2017.00003.7

Summary: This article talks presents a study on the qualitative analysis of adolescents aged between 10 – 19 years with obesity and type-2 diabetes. The study constitutes people from different religions. The author concludes that culture and religious beliefs serve as indicators of religious groups and interest in religious differences is targeted with the hope of discovering the extent of genetic homogeneity through inbreeding, preserved environmental consistency, a difference in dietary habits, etc.

Analysis: the study supports the thesis because it shows how teenagers are brought up in different religions. Different beliefs and cultures affect dietary which is a significant contributor to obesity.

Article 2: Frisco, M., Quiros, S., Hook, J., Frisco, M. L., & Van Hook, J. (2016). One Size May Not Fit All: How Obesity Among Mexican-Origin Youth Varies by Generation, Gender, and Age. Demography, 53(6), 2031–2043. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-016-0525-3

Summary: The study examines how vulnerable immigrants are to the risk of childhood obesity. The author finds that age moderates ethnic differences in obesity among people of different genders. People of different ages with different origins are differently exposed to various health conditions.

Analysis: The author seems to agree with the thesis that age is a significant contributor to obesity, but the author also suggests that ethnicity does not affect how different people are exposed to chronic health conditions.

Article 3: GLINKOWSKA, B., GLINKOWSKI, W. M., & Glinkowska, B. (2018). Association of sports and physical activity with obesity among teenagers in Poland. International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Environmental Health, 31(6), 771–782. https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01170

Summary: The article presents a survey of adolescents between ages 10 – 19. The author finds that youths who engage in physical activities are more active which makes them less vulnerable to chronic health conditions compared to teenagers who are inactive.

Analysis: The findings are in agreement with the thesis since adolescents fail to realize that physical exercise is an essential activi9ty to avoid obesity. The study indicates that engaging in physical practice will significantly reduce the chances of one becoming obese.

Article 4: He, J., Cai, Z., & Fan, X. (2017). Prevalence of binge and loss of control eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity: An exploratory meta-analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50(2), 91–103. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22661

Summary: The article is a study linking prevalence of binge and loss of control eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. The meta-analysis showed that binge or loss of control eating was prevalent among many children and adolescents with overweight and obesity.

Analysis: Eating disorders contribute immensely to obesity. This indicates that the findings of the meta-analysis are in line with the thesis since the youth lack more information regarding proper eating methods which is a significant determinant of chronic health conditions.

Article 5: Wang, H., Hu, R., Du, H., Fiona, B., Zhong, J., & Yu, M. (2018). The relationship between sleep duration and obesity risk among school students: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang, China. Nutrition & Metabolism, 15(1), N.PAG. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12986-018-0285-8

Summary: The article is about a qualitative study 18,403 students in China. The findings of the survey show that adequate sleep duration is an essential component of obesity prevention initiatives among teenagers. Oversleeping or having less sleep proved to impact on chronic illnesses and obesity.

Analysis: The article concurs with the thesis as it shows how poor sleeping habits contribute to various health conditions including obesity and the young people are becoming victims of their poor sleeping habits due to lack of information.