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I want my Research proposal topic to stay in the field of coaching efficacy dealing with student athlete idenity.

I also attached the journal article critique to do for the below reburic in APA format along with the research proposal. 

2. Journal Article Critique Discussions


You will be expected to participate in periodic journal article critiques on topic of interest to various students enrolled in the class.  The template below is useful in organizing your review as you prepare for a class discussion.


APA Citation

Author1, A.A., Author1, B.B., & Author3, C.C. (year). Title of article. Journal, Vol, pp-pp. doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx (doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx = digital object identifier).

Problem Statement

What is known:

What is unknown or poorly understood:


Research Hypotheses



Independent Variable(s)


Dependent Variable(s)


Control Variable(s)


Operational Definitions












Variables and Instrumentation


Data Analysis and stated ?





Comparison of results with previous research (similar and discordant):

How do findings  fit with accepted theory/principles:

Limitations (Threats to Internal/External Validity):

Real-world application of findings:

Recommendations for future study:

Conclusion supported by the results and linked to the purpose:

3. Research Proposal


Working individually or in small groups, students will complete a research proposal which is the first three chapters of a thesis prospectus.  Proposals must be typed, double-spaced, paginated beginning with Chapter 1 and in APA format with formal scientific writing style.


Title Page (1 p., no page number)




Submitted in partial completion of the requirements for FOUN 612 Applied Research Methods

Department of human Movement Sciences

Old Dominion University



Abstract (? 150 words, no page #)




Chapter 1 Introduction (3-5 p., headings and subheadings as needed)


– Why is the study being conducted?

– What is the justification for the study?

– Problem statement

– Hypothesis Statement: Statistical hypotheses (H0:, HA:) are used to test the research hypothesis

            (what the researcher actually expects) These are implied by the purpose of the study.

– Delimitations (Scope): What variables are being measured (as opposed to other variables that

            are not); Who (i.e. what subject population) is being measured (as opposed to other

populations that are not); Where are measurements being taken (as opposed to other locations that might affect the results); At what time are measurements being taken (as opposed to other times that might affect the results);

– Limitations of the Study (factors that could not be controlled) Trade-off between internal

            validity (tight control of extraneous factors) and external validity (“generalizibility” of


– Operational Definition of Terms

– Significance of the study “Real world” significance of research findings (not statistical



Based on a review of prior work, the researcher “sets the stage” for his/her study focus. The last paragraph begins with “The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of [the independent variable(s)] on [the dependent variable(s)]. If one has properly “set the stage”, the purpose will be obvious to the reader.


Chapter 2 Review of the Literature (10-15 p. summarizing a minimum of 10 studies supporting the proposal, headings and subheadings as needed)


The review of the literature is a separate section in a proposal, but is embedded in the Introduction and Discussion sections of a journal manuscript. The format of a review article is

a good model for a review of literature.

-Introduction – citations which support general aspects of the area (i.e. theory, principles)

-Body – citations pertaining to specific aspects of the general area of interest

-Summary – Analysis of the literature into what areas are well documented and what areas have

scant documentation


Chapter 3 Methodology (3-5 p. headings and subheadings as needed)



Sample Size (n)

Inclusionary/Exclusionary Criteria

Subject Recruitment

Sampling Procedures

Informed Consent/Institutional Review/Human Subjects Issues


Treatment/Experimental Design

How is (are) the treatment(s) allocated to the experimental units (subjects)?

How are extraneous factors controlled?

Issues pertaining to internal/external validity


Replication of the study


Data Collection Procedures

Precise description (with citations) of methodology allows for critical analysis of how the

            methodology might have affected the results


Statistical Analysis

? level (Type I error)

?, power, sample size

Statistical test(s) that are appropriate for the level of measurement

Pilot Work


References (MINIMUM of 10 listed in alphabetical order).  APA format must be used in reference list and in citation in the text.  General Examples of APA Style:


Journal article: Author1, A.A., Author2, B.B., & Author3, C.C. (year). Title of article. Journal, Vol, pp-pp. doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx (doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx = digital object identifier).


Book: Author1, A.A., Author2, B.B., & Author3, C.C. (year). Title of book (edition, if not first). City of publication, State: Publisher.


Chapter in an edited book: Author1, A.A., Author2, B.B., & Author3, C.C. (year). Chapter title. In A.A. Editor & B.B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). City of publication, State: Publisher.


Thesis or dissertation (unpublished): Author, A.A. (year). Title of thesis or dissertation. Unpublished master’s thesis (or doctoral dissertation), Name of University, City, State.


Dissertation (published): Author, A.A. (year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation, Name of university, year). Dissertation Abstracts International: Section X. Name of Section, v(i), xxx. (v = volume number; xxx = page number; X = A or B; Name of Section = Humanities and Social Sciences or Sciences and Engineering; i = issue).